DNA Shows
Japanese and Jewish Peoples
Are Relatives

Arimasa Kubo (Japanese writer and pastor)

40% of Japanese DNA Have Connection with Jews

Y-chromosome DNA shows strong relationship between Jews and the Japanese.

Male cell has Y-chromosome, which is a hangar of DNA. Y-chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) is handed from father to son, only through the male line.

Y-chromosome DNA of Japanese males have a very specific feature which is seldom seen among the Chinese or Koreans. Nearly 40% of the Japanese have the specific gene sequence called YAP in their Y-chromosome DNA. This YAP gene sequence is seldom seen among the Chinese or Koreans, and rare in Asia. But nearly 40% of the Japanese have it.

Y-DNA Haplogroups of the Japanese
         About 40%:  Haplogroup D (YAP)
                     About 50%:  Haplogroup O (typical Asian)
The rest:    others          

Y-chromosome DNA has many types called haplogroups. Among all the haplogroups, only haplogroup D and haplogroup E have YAP gene sequence. Only D and E have the common YAP genes, showing they came from the same ancestor. Please memorize D and E. They are relatives. Nearly 40% of the Japanese belong to haplogroup D, having YAP gene sequence. Originally in the Middle East there was haplogroup DE, which was later separated to D and E.

Then, what is haplogroup E? It is the relative of D. Haplogroup E is very characteristic for Jews. 20-30% of both Ashkenazi Jews and Sephardi Jews have haplogroup E, which contains YAP gene sequence just like the Japanese one. Not only them, but also every other Jewish population of all over the world have haplogroup E prominently. Since D and E came from the same ancestor, they are all relatives.

This haplogroup E is also seen in Samaria, the homeland of the so-called the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel. Today in Samaria live descendants of ancient Israelites. They are of mixed blood. But according to the Bible, priests among the Samaritans are Levites, who have been keeping the male line since ancient times. The Samaritan Levite priests belong to haplogroup E, having YAP.

And in the land near Tibet in China live a small tribe called Chiang (Qiang, Chiang-Min). Their faces look like the Japanese. They are descendants of the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel, as recognized by Amishav in Jerusalem, a famous searching group of the Lost Tribes of Israel. The 23% of the Chiang people have haplogroup D, having YAP just like the Japanese do. The Chiang people and the Japanese are thus genetically relatives.

DNA of Current Jews

Now, let us look deeply into it. Firstly, about YAP gene sequence of the Jews.
As already mentioned, about 20-30% of current Jews belong to haplogroup E, having YAP. This is the same among both Ashkenazi Jews and Sephardi Jews.

There was once an insistence that Ashkenazi had originated from foreigners and they are not genuine Jews. However, this is wrong, seen from the genetic view. In fact, the 88% of Ashkenazi Jews and Sephardi Jews' DNA are common. No geneticist agrees to the insistence that Ashkenazi are not genuine Jews. Ashkenazi and Sephardi are both true Jews, as the descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

Y-DNA Haplogroups of Current Jews
         20-30%:     Haplogroup E (YAP)
about 30%:  Haplogroup J
20-30%:      Haplogroup R
The rest:    others          
(Above is common between
Ashkenazim and Sephardim)

Among either Ashkenazi or Sephardi, the 20-30% belongs to haplogroup E, having YAP like the Japanese one. Besides, the current Jews also have haplogroups J and R at similar rates. However, it seems that J and R came from mixing blood.

After losing Jerusalem in 70 C.E. the Jews scattered to the world. Before that the definition of a Jew was "father is a Jew." But after that, the definition became "mother is a Jew." This was because the Jews were persecuted and many Jewish women were raped. There were many cases of unknown true father, so it changed to the definition "mother is a Jew." There was such a sad story. The genes of Y-chromosome of the male line thus became thin, and the Jewish Y-chromosome DNA got several haplogroups. The Jews are thus of mixed blood. But they have ever kept their identity of Jews religiously.

DNA of Ancient Native Israelites

Above is what the current Jewish DNA is. Then, what was the haplogroup of the ancient native Israelites?

It seems that their native DNA was haplogroup DE or E, which has YAP gene sequence, the genetic relative of the Japanese haplogroup D. We can know it, seeing that the Samaritan Levite priests belong to haplogroup E, as already mentioned.

Furthermore, every Jewish group in the world has haplogroup E prominently. At a website of a DNA test provider the Family Tree DNA is written about the specific type E1b1b1 which belongs to haplogroup E as follows:
"E1b1b1 is found in all Jewish populations, from Ashkenazi, Sephardic, Kurdish, Yemen, Samaritan and even among Djerba Jewish groups."

Thus, haplogroup E is found in all Jewish populations prominently. Furthermore, as haplogroups E and D, YAP gene sequence is found not only in current Jewish populations, but also in descendants of the so-called Ten Lost Tribes of Israel.

The Pathans in Afghanistan and Pakistan, who are said to be descendants of the Lost Tribes of Israel, have haplogroup E remarkably. Uzbekistan Jews, who are also said to be from the Lost Tribes, have haplogroup E at the rate of 28 %. The Falasha, Ethiopian Jews, have haplogroup E at 50 %. Igbo Jews in Nigeria have haplogroup E at 90%. Haplogroup E is thus found among those who are said to be from the Lost Tribes of Israel.

The Lost Tribes of Israel have haplogroup D also. The Chiang (Qiang) people (southwest China near Tibet), whose faces resemble Japanese ones, belong to D at a high rate of 23 %, having YAP gene sequence. According to Amishav, the top of which was late Rabbi Eliyahu Avichail who had written "The Tribes of Israel", the Chiang people have many traditional Israelite customs, and are descendants of the Lost Tribes of Israel.

Thus, it is YAP gene sequence that connects all current Jewish populations, as well as Samaritan Levite priests, descendants of Lost Tribes of Israel and the Japanese. We can say that nearly 40 % of the Japanese, who have haplogroup D and YAP, would be descendants of ancient Israelites and relatives of Jews.

About Haplogroup J of Jews

I briefly explained above; however, I would like to add some more. Firstly, about haplogroup J of Y-chromosome DNA of current Jews.

Among Jews, there are those who have the surname Cohen. They are Levites and are said to be descendants of ancient High Priest Aaron. Many of them have specific gene sequence called CMH (Cohen Modal Haplotype). This CMH gene sequence belongs to haplogroup J.

So, some DNA scientists think that not only of the Cohen people (Kohanim), but also of all Jews the native Y-chromosome DNA was haplogroup J. However, we cannot necessarily say that their native DNA was J. Because, by later investigations it turned out that CMH gene sequence can be found among other peoples than Jews. It was named Cohen Modal at first, but later it became clear that it was not Cohen modal. It is found among other peoples also.

Haplogroup J is seen in many populations widely. However, a few Levites have halogroup J. Only 10% of Ashkenazi Levites and 32% of Sephardi Levites have haplogroup J.

On the other hand, 20% of Ashkenazi Levites and 10% of Sephardi Levites have haplogroup E, which is seen in all Jewish populations in the world. We can think that haplogroup E had been the native Jewish DNA since the times before the Jewish scattering in 70 C.E.

About the issue of the native haplogroup of ancient Israelites, we need to mind the following also. There were, among ancient Israelites, many naturalized people from foreigners. For instance, the famous hero Caleb, who acted with the Israeli leader Joshua, had been originally a foreigner, but was later naturalized and became an Israelite. Caleb was a Kenizzite. He was naturalized and was admitted to the tribe of Judah (Numbers 32:12, 13:6).

In the Bible is written that there were many foreigners who mixed into the Israelites who came out from Egypt. Moses taught “Love the strangers as yourself.” And if the strangers observe the Law of Moses and were circumcised, they could become Israelites by naturalization. Ancient Israelites were thus already of mixed blood. There must be naturalized ones who were admitted to the tribe of Levi also. These are the reasons why the Levites and other Jews have several haplogroups.

The haplogroup of the native ancient Israelites would have been not J, but E or its original DE. In fact, most of the peoples who are said to be from the Lost Tribes of Israel do not have haplogroup J, or have it at only very low rate. The Pathans have J at only 6 %, and the following peoples have no J or very low rate J; Igbo Jews (Nigeria), Bene Ephraim (South India), Beta Israel (Falasha, Ethiopia) and Bukharan Jews (Persian Jews). The Chiang (Qiang) people, who are also said to be descendants of the Lost Tribes of Israel, also do not have haplogroup J.

On the other hand, all of them have YAP gene sequence in the form of haplogroup E or D. It seems that the haplogroup of the ancient native Israelites was E, D or their original DE.

Time of Separation of Haplogroups D and E

Second question: about the time when haplogroup DE was separated to D and E.

Generally, geneticists say that D and E were separated in the Middle East about 50 or 60 thousand years ago. However, it was about 2700 years ago when the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel were exiled from the land of Israel. You may think that there is a big time difference. But this "50-60 thousand years ago" is not an actual measured value, but an estimated value based on the evolution theory.

Since this is an estimated one, the value has been changing widely. And today, the big values based on the evolution theory have in fact lost its credibility. When an evolutionist says it was 60 thousand years ago, mostly it was actually several thousand years ago. Because, there is a chronological measurement method using Carbon-14, which accuracy is clear by comparing with archeological materials of known age. When measuring materials that evolutionists say 50-60 thousand years ago, with using the Carbon-14 method, only the result of several thousand years comes out.

You many say "That should not happen." But this is true. There is a dispute on it between evolutionists and scientific creationists. For example, measuring bones of Neanderthal man, which evolutionists say several hundred thousand years ago, the Carbon-14 method shows only several thousand years. So does the case of Cro-Magnon man, which evolutionists say several tens thousand years. Scientific creationists explain such things. Haplogroups D and E must have been actually separated about several thousand years ago.

Why Shinlung Tribe Do Not have D, E, or J?

Lastly, In north India and Myanmar live a tribe called Shinlung (Menashe). They are Asians who have similar faces like the Japanese, but have ever had ancient Israeli culture and tradition. Amishav, a Jewish search group of the Lost Tribes of Israel, recognized that the Shinlung people are descendants of ancient Israelites. The Shinlung people re-learned Judaism, and it is famous that more than 1000 Shinlung people already returned to Israel, now living as Jews.

However, their DNA test result was unexpected. Their Y-chromosome was not haplogroup E or D, even not haplogroup J or CMH. Most of them are haplogroup K or O, which is typical for Asians. However, scientists also investigated Mitochondria DNA, which shows the maternal DNA information, while Y-chromosome DNA shows the paternal DNA. The result showed a close relationship with Jews of the Middle East and Uzbek.

But why did the paternal Y-chromosome DNA show only the connection with Asians? We can know it if we study the history of Shinlung. When they had wandered about in China in old times, they were ruled by other nations who made them slaves. They became slaves and never came back to their villages. Their women were often raped. So, the children who were born there had not the Y-chromosome of Shinlung, but the ones of the Chinese. Furthermore in China, men of a conquered nation were often all killed. That was why the paternal Y-chromosome DNA was hard to remain.

When a nation had a hard history, Y-chromosome was hard to remain. Sometimes it even disappears. It tells such a sad story of the Shinlung tribe that their paternal Y-chromosome did not have haplogroup D or E, and only their maternal Mitochondria DNA showed a close relationship with Jews. Thinking of this, the fact that nearly 40% of the Japanese have haplogroup D and YAP is remarkable. It tells a strong connection with current Jews and ancient Israelites.


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